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OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE

What is Gonarthrosis?

The surfaces of our knee joints are covered with a layer of cartilage. Over time, or through injury this cartilage gradually wears out, this is what causes knee joint arthrosis or, gonarthrosis. Arthritis is one of the most common signs of wear and tear on the joints. This cartilage damage in the knees increases the pressure on the underlying bones. To compensate, the joint surface increases, and bony tips begin to form at the edges reducing joint mobility. As the cartilage wears out and the bones move closer and closer together the joint space narrows further. When the bones and joints are unprotected the knee becomes immobile and stiff.

Although on average 20 to 50 percent of 60+ year-olds are affected by gonarthrosis, the disease can affect anyone. The extent to which gonarthrosis will affect an individual depends on, age, weight, genetics and lifestyle.

What are the symptoms of cartilage damage in the knee?

Typical signs of knee osteoarthritis include:

- Knee pain when climbing stairs and walking on uneven terrain

- Increased discomfort when carrying heavy objects

- Pain that is severe at the beginning of the movement, then subsides and reappears with continued exertion

- Pain behind the kneecap after sitting for a long time

- Increased sensitivity in damp and cold weather

- Crunching noises when the affected knee moves

Since OA of the knee is a gradual process, those affected might hardly notice pain or restrictions in the beginning stages. This is why OA of the knee joint usually goes undetected for a long time. A typical first symptom: after long periods of rest, your knees hurt and crunch when you move. As the pain increases, every joint load can cause severe pain. These symptoms are often followed by a visit to the doctor. With the help of an X-ray, a doctor can check the distance between joint surfaces, and the condition of the joint and cartilage.

How to treat Gonarthrosis?

Unfortunately, existing cartilage damage cannot be reversed. The goal of therapy is therefore to slow down the progression of the disease, relieve pain and improve the quality of life of those affected. Physiotherapy is an important part of treatment because exercise is a proven remedy for pain relief. Many OA sufferers, however, remain largely inactive because the pain in the joints increases when they are put under strain. 

So how do we get around this issue? Wearing a medical brace or orthoses can help.

Wearing the right brace supports and gently distribute the load in the joint, thus significantly reducing the pain.

Physical therapy, medical bracing, and an active and healthy lifestyle can delay the progression of the disease and prevent the need for more invasive treatments down the line!

Gonarthrosis Progression

THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR EVERY STAGE

Gonarthrosis: grade 1

With grade 1 gonarthrosis, pain often occurs only when the joint is under stress. The cartilage layer on the bone has begun to soften but is not yet damaged on the surface. If there is no malalignment in the leg the GenuTrain or GenuTrain A3 can help treat early-stage OA.

The Train knit fabric repeatedly stimulates the skin, which promotes movement perception, activates the muscles, and stabilizes the joint. Both braces contain integrated visco-elastic pads which prevent the kneecap from slipping, combat pain and massage the surrounding tissue.

Gonarthrosis: grade 2 and 3

With grade 2 gonarthrosis people typically feel pain when moving. The cartilage has been significantly damaged and the joint space, the area between femur and tibia, has visibly decreased. In the third stage, people can suffer from pain even when at rest. Those affected sometimes suffer from deep cartilage fractures and initial joint inflammation.

The GenuTrain OA was specially developed for treating osteoarthritis of the knee, specifically grades 2 and 3. The orthosis provides targeted relief and stabilization to the painful areas on the inside or outside of the knee joint, allowing you to be active for longer.

Gonarthrosis: grade 4

With grade 4 gonarthosis, restrictions in movement increase significantly, and the cartilage surfaces are largely destroyed. In order to compensate for the significantly increased pressure on the bone underneath, bulges form on the edge of the bone, which are called osteophytes. Eventually, the cartilage layer is almost completely worn away, and there is nothing to prevent the bones from rubbing against each other. In these cases, the SecuTec OA can help.

It was specially developed for patients with moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the knee. The orthosis not only effectively alleviates pain, but also gives you the necessary confidence to get moving again, which promotes recovery. 

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