Lower back pain can arise from a variety of different causes. Most people assume that the pain is stemming from the muscles or joints in the back or that they are experiencing sciatica pain. Often, however, a herniated disc is responsible for the back pain.
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The pelvis is a protective structure for the internal organs, but it also plays a vital part as a supportive structure for the body particularly in an upright position and with walking. At the front of the pelvis, the left and right pubic bones are joined with cartilage to form the pubic symphysis, where only the slightest degree of movement can occur.
Do you have poor posture and suffer from a sore upper back? While being a very common back condition, hyperkyphosis can greatly impact a person’s health and their functions of daily life. With the right therapeutic interventions and medical braces however, irreversible damage can be minimized or avoided.
The lumbar region of the back is instrumental in providing stability and facilitating the transfer of power to the lower body. It allows for complex movements like bending, walking and running. Overexertion and poor proprioception often lead to patients experiencing pain in the lower back area, also known as lumbar pain.
The vertebral column is crucial for maintaining good posture and facilitating movement. Wear and tear of the cartilage within the vertebral joints can lead to sharp pain and severely restricted mobility, which is often a sign of spondyloarthritis.
The sacroiliac joint, also known as the SI joint, connects the lower spine to the pelvis. Alongside robust ligaments, the joint facilitates the transfer of power along our back and supports us to perform complex movements like weight-bearing, walking, and running. By nature, the SI joint is not very flexible. Damage or degeneration of the SI joint can be significantly detrimental to a patient’s quality of life.
Loss of bone density, i.e. osteoporosis can lead to vertebral fractures that could lead to changes in the spine. So-called wedge vertebrae are formed that can lead to patients developing a curvature in their back often referred to as Dowager’s hump.
The spine is a robust combination of 24 vertebrae that protects the spinal cord. These are connected by the intervertebral discs and ligaments. The vertebrae are shaped like arches and carry bony extensions on the sides and on the back. This structure protects the spinal cord and provides lateral exit points for the spinal nerves. Various factors may lead to patients developing a vertebral compression fracture.